Vulnerabilities That Penetration Testing Helps You to Detect in Nigeria

What type of vulnerabilities does a penetration test look for?

Open ports, weak user credentials, unsafe user privileges and unpatched applications are types of vulnerabilities that a hacker could use to compromise your systems.
Vulnerabilities that penetration testing helps in Nigeria

What 3 of the benefits of testing vulnerabilities?

A specific form of vulnerability assessment, the primary benefits of penetration testing include greater security insights, ongoing risk management, and the ability to meet regulatory obligations.

What is the purpose of penetration testing?

Penetration testing (or pen testing) is a security exercise where a cyber-security expert attempts to find and exploit vulnerabilities in a computer system. The purpose of this simulated attack is to identify any weak spots in a system’s defenses which attackers could take advantage of.

How is vulnerability assessment different from penetration testing?

A vulnerability scan is an automated, high-level test that looks for and reports potential vulnerabilities. A penetration test is a detailed hands-on examination by a real person that tries to detect and exploit weaknesses in your system.


A penetration test is also called ethical hacking or pen test. It is like an official replicated cyber-attack on a computer system, which is executed to assess the system security. It should not be confused with vulnerability assessment. This test is executed to pinpoint the weaknesses. It includes the probability for illegal parties to attain access to the system’s data and features and strengths. This enables a complete risk evaluation to be completed.

Keeping this scenario in mind, we are presenting to the list of six vulnerabilities that cyber-security helps you to detect.

Insecure In-house Developed Apps

Companies do not test their own apps in a detailed manner like they do for customer’s apps. The input authentication fault is one main classification of susceptibility in this scenario. This is the point where client-facing input takes over the authentic subsystem functioning. These incorporate:

  • Cross-site website scripting
  • SQL app injections

Cyber criminals are mostly dependent on exploitation of vulnerabilities and inappropriate security practises. However, they victimise the misinformed and non-technical user the most. Meticulously keeping updated with the latest security patches and updates, and following well-rooted practises of cyber security can keep an organisation’s systems and its consumer’s safe against cyber-attacks.

Incompatibility of the Legacy Software

Pertinent to pitiable patch management, incorporating incompatible software reveals the wide range of vulnerabilities. Even though it still functions smoothly, however Microsoft detached support for Windows XP after almost a decade which indicated no more patches, it has turned out to be susceptible to cyber-attacks.

Patch Management

Enemies usually hit at the weakest points; the same philosophy is followed by the cyber criminals. They aim at the known weaknesses and exploit them. These are particularly the ones for which the patches have previously been out. The Information Technology managers who do not update their patches, particularly not caring much regarding updating of 3rd party apps like Java and Adobe, have in fact shown them to be vulnerable.

Pass the Hash Attack

This is the process of extracting information from the random length and positioning it into a pre-set length. Majority of the reply systems and passwords utilise the hashing procedure to alter a plaintext password into numbers and letters that would appear meaningless and random for a common user. A hacker can create a malevolent program to interject the hashed data when it is being communicated. This hashed data would be utilised to develop fake authentication and attain entrance to an apparently safe network.


This is the common weapon used by the cyber criminals to reach the company’s private and confidential information. In this attack, the attacker tricks the customer by stealing their private data. They demand the user’s password by acting like a system administrator.

The attacker copies the interface and the layout of an app or website and tricks the customer to enter their password and username in the fake website that they have made. This is very dangerous and usually happens in the banking institutions. The customers who fall prey to such criminals lose trust in such banking institutions.

Recycled Password

Are you using the same password for each account? This is like putting your company under serious threat. Utilising recycled passwords or poor password practises across various platforms can allow the hackers to attack you very easily. In the situation where a password was stolen in a previous data-loss incident, the hacker would simply obtain access to a different, nevertheless, if not secure platform that utilises the same password.

Vulnerabilities that penetration Testing helps you detect in Nigeria

Wrapping Up

These are the six vulnerabilities detected via penetration testing. For advanced treatment, organisations find best penetration testing companies. These companies have professionals and experts who can resolve any security related issue.

What are the types of penetration testing?

Types of penetration test

  • Internal/External Infrastructure Penetration Testing
  • Wireless Penetration Testing
  • Web Application Testing
  • Mobile Application Testing
  • Build and Configuration Review
  • Social Engineering.

When Should penetration testing be performed?

once a year

Penetration testing should be performed on a regular basis (at least once a year) to ensure more consistent IT and network security management by revealing how newly discovered threats (0-days, 1-days) or emerging vulnerabilities might be exploited by malicious hackers.

Why vulnerability testing is performed?

Vulnerability Testing also called Vulnerability Assessment is a process of evaluating security risks in software systems to reduce the cause probability of threats. The purpose of the whole vulnerability testing is reducing the possibility for intruders/hackers to get unauthorized access of systems.

Which of the following are benefits of penetration testing?

7 advantages of penetration testing

  • Reveal vulnerabilities
  • Show real risks
  • Test your cyber-defence capability
  • Ensure business continuity
  • Have a third party expert opinion
  • Follow regulations and certifications
  • Maintain trust.

What are the 5 stages of penetration testing?

There are five penetration testing phases: reconnaissance, scanning, vulnerability assessment, exploitation, and reporting.

Chinedu Okeke

Chinedu is the founder of Nigerian Tech. He is a tech enthusiast who has the passion for emerging trends in the tech industry. He is also a professional web content developer.

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